Can I vote in the election?

    To vote in the federal election, you must:

    • be a Canadian citizen
    • be at least 18 years old on election day
    • prove your identity and address

    Check if you're registered to vote.

    What kind of ID do I need to vote?

    • 1 original piece of photo ID issued by the government (must contain name and address) OR
    • 2 original pieces of ID with your name and address OR
    • If you don't have ID you can declare your name and address in writing and have someone who knows you and who is assigned to your polling station to confirm your identity.
      Note: The voucher must be able to prove their identity and address. 
    For a list of accepted ID, click here.

    Can I vote online in the Federal Election?

    No. You can vote in person at polling stations, your local Election's Canada office, or by mail. 

    What is the Federal Election?

    An election that allows Canadians to pick members of the House of Commons. These individuals are known as Members of Parliament (MPs). The House of Commons dominates parliamentary government in Canada as it the House who chooses the Prime Minister of Canada, proposes and passes new laws.

    Elections Step-By-Step (Put Together by Elections Canada)

    1. Dissolution

    The governor-general ends Parliament on the request of the prime minister and directs the Chief Electoral Officer to issue the writs of election. The writ is the official paperwork that launches an election in each riding.

    2. Candidates

    Once an election is called, each party decides who its candidate will be in each riding. A candidate can also run for election without a party, as either “independent” or “no affiliation.”

    3. Campaigning

    During the campaign period, candidates try to convince voters that they are the best choice to represent them in Parliament.

    4. Voting

    The most common way to vote is at the polls on election day. Electors must prove their identity and address before getting a ballot. They then go behind a voting screen to privately mark their ballot. Election workers must follow strict procedures to ensure the secrecy of the vote.

    5. Counting

    Once the polling stations close, election workers open the ballot boxes and count the ballots. The candidate who receives the most votes becomes the member of Parliament (MP) for that riding and represents it in the House of Commons. The political party that has the most MPs usually forms the government. The leader of the political party with the most members normally becomes the prime minister of Canada.